The Inkanyamba is a legendary serpent said to be living in a waterfall lake area in the northern forests near Pietermaritzburg most commonly in the base of Howick Falls,South Africa. The Zulu tribes of the area believe it to be a large serpent with a horse like head. Most active in the summer months, it is believed that the Inkanyamba's anger causes the seasonal storms.[1]

Cryptologists have suggested that they might be a form of eel, augmented by local myth. The Inkanyamba was featured on television series Animal X[2]

Freshwater Monster of South Africa .

Etymology: Xhosa (Bantu), “tornado.”

Variant names: Howie.

Physical description: Serpentine. Length, up to 
25 feet. Head is l like a snake’s or a horse’s. Long 
neck. Mane of skin.

Behavior: Moves from one body of wa ter to 
another in the summer. Often seen in misty 
conditions. Bl amed for the l oss of l ivestock and 
storm damage.

Distribution: The pool below Howick Falls, 
Midmar Dam in the Umgeni River, the Mkomazi 
River, and dams in the Dargl e area, al l in 
KwaZul u-Natal Province, South Africa.

Significant sightings: In 1962, a game ranger 
named Buthelezi saw a horse-headed animal 
lying on a sandbank in the Umgeni River.

Caretaker Johannes Hlongwane saw the 
Howick monster twice, both times in misty 
conditions, in 1974 and 1981.

In September 1995, restaurant owner Bob 
Teeney saw a large, serpentine animal from the 
viewing platform at Howick Falls. Teeney offered 
a reward to anyone who could produce a 
photo of the animal , which created much media 

Possible explanations: 
(1) The Nil e crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) 
is found as far south as northern Natal , but 
it doesn’t l ook particul arl y serpentine. 
(2) The African l ongfin eel (Anguilla 
mossambica) grows up to 5 feet l ong, is ol ive 
to grayish-bl ack, and has a l ong dorsal fin. 
It is found in ea stern rivers of South Africa . 
(3) The Giant mottl ed eel (A. marmorata) 
al so has a long dorsal fin, grows up to six 
feet, and lives in rocky pool s in freshwater 
rivers of South Africa . 

These gigantic, winged eels are notorious for their vicious territoriality as well as their decidedly carnivorous dispositions.

The Inkanyamba are said to be a population of large, migratory, carnivorous eels, which are allegedly indigenous to southern Africa. The most renowned representative of this rare species is said to dwell in the deep pools beneath South Africa’s legendary Howick Falls, which are known to the Zulu as “kwaNogqaza” or “The Tall One.”

Often compared to the savage, eel-like animals said to dwell in Newfoundland’s Crescent Lake (CRESSIE), these creatures have been described as being a colossal eel-like anomalies with finned manes, huge fore-flippers, a horse-like head and a decidedly nasty disposition. Judging from this description, it’s no wonder that the Inkanyamba have inspired both awe and terror throughout the Zulu and Xhosa communities for centuries.

Accounts of these animals actually date back to aboriginal cave paintings found throughout the KwaZuluNatal area. These paintings depict creatures which archaeologists have come to refer to as “rain animals” due to their association with vicious summer storms.

Believed by most investigators to be a large species of freshwater eel, such as the Anguilla mossambica or the Anguilla marmorata — both of which can grow to a respectable length of about 6-feet — the natives of the area insist that the Inkanyamba are much larger and bear some decidedly supernatural characteristics.

As recently as 1998, residents of the Ingwavuma and Pongola regions of KwaZuluNatal blamed the violent Inkanyamba for a brutal storm in which thousands of people lost thei

r homes.

This ancient connection between the Inkanyamba and sever meteorological events is due to the fact that the animal is rarely seen during the summer months. According to traditional Xhosa beliefs, the Inkanyamba (which, according to some ancient legends is also a “winged” serpent) takes to the sky annually — in the form of a giant tornado — in order to find its mate.

Native superstitions aside, the absence of the Inkanyamba during the summer months is indicative of the long held Zulu assumption that these creatures are migratory in nature. In fact, these animals have been seen in the Mkomazi River, which is about 44 miles South of Howick Falls, as well as in the waters pooled around the Midmar Dam (an area which covers approximately 500 square miles.) There have also been eyewitness reports hailing from smaller dams near farms in the Dargle area of the Midlands.

Even more intriguingly, there have been occasional (though admittedly unconfirmed) reports of two Inkanyamba engaging in vicious aquatic battles over what one must assume is an is

sue of territorial supremacy. Other witnesses have claimed to have seen fleeting glimpses of mating rituals. Perhaps they are one in the same?


The animals first claimed international attention in 1996, when a local newspaper offered a reward for anyone who could produce photographic evidence of the creatures; although two photographs were published, neither one gave any clear indication of the animal’s appearance and 

were accused of being hoaxes.

These (admittedly dubious) images only served to fuel the fierce controversy surround

ing the existence of these creatures. Just a year later, in a region not far from Howick, known as the Mzintlava River, a similar controversy raged regarding the reality of another large, aquatic predator. Locals there claimed that they were under siege by a huge crocodilian creature with a long neck and skull piercing proboscis, dubbed the “African Brain Sucker” or in the native tongue “MAMLAMBO.”

In May of 1996, yet another flurry of media attention responded to the rumor that the S

outh African government was planning on capturing the animal that lurked beneath Howick falls and transplant it into an environmentally protected area. Local Zulu’s were outraged by the plan, petitioning their local council for an intervention, though not for the same reasons that PETA members might expect. The residents were terrified that the expedition sent to capture the beast, might not be prepared to deal with the vicious disposition of the creature and that the resulting carnage might spill over into the local villages unless the Inkanyamba’s rage could be abated.

The most recent reports indicate that the South African government has reconsidered the wisdom of challenging these mighty semi-aquatic beasts on their home turf.

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